Costus spicatus / Indian Head ginger
Common Name : Spiked Spiralflag Ginger, indian Head ginger, Painted spiral ginger
Other names: Costus spicatus
Scientific name : Costus spicatus
Watering Schedule : Regular
Maintenance : Low
Light condition: Direct sun light
Costus spicatus, also known as spiked spiralflag ginger or Indian head ginger, has an unusual look with its big leaves spiral around the stem giving it a great look.
The leaves grow to a length of approximately 1 ft and a width of approximately 4 in. Plant itself reaches a maximum height of about 6 to 7 feet (1.8 to 2.1 m). It produces a short red cone, from which red-orange flowers emerge one at a time.
Costus spicatus will grow well in full sun if it is kept moist.
The plant parts has many medicinal uses, juice of rhizome is applied to head for cooling and relief from head-ache, bruised leaves are applied in fever, decoction of stem is used in fever and dysentery. Patients with high fever mostly utilize leaf infusion or decoction as a sudorific or in a bath,
The rhizomes of Costus speciosus are bitter, astringent, acrid, cooling, aphrodisiac, purgative, anthelminthic,depurative, febrifuge, expectorant, tonic, improve digestion, and is a stimulant herb that clears toxins. The rhizomes have anti-fertility, anabolic properties. The rhizomes are generally consumed in the form of decoction. An alkaloid extract from rhizomes had papaverine like smooth muscle relaxant and enhances antispamodic activities.